Corn gave structure and support for the bean plants to climb up; the beans replenished the soil with nutrients for both the corn and squash; and the large multiple leaves of the squash vines offered a protective mulch that helped the plants conserve water while providing weed control for all three plants. When planted in this special way, the plants thrive in a small space and are capable of producing high-quality yields with minimal to no environmental impact. Over time, many other companion planting combinations were tried, with varied results. Much of this knowledge was handed down from generation to generation, and some of it today may be found to be folklore of other cultures.
Plants and their identifications have changed over time, as have horticultural methods, climates, and soil content. There has also been the introduction of chemically based pesticides and fertilizers and advancement in seeds, propagation, and cultivation. All of these affected the basics of gardening but the premise of companion planting remains the same.
Common examples include:. Companion planting can involve all different types of plants and shrubs. Throughout the years, companion planting has involved almost every type of plant. As various plants have become more popular in home gardens, they have been incorporated into companion gardens.
When considering what species of plants to incorporate, here are the types of plants you should consider:. Having a garden in the right location is essential to successful gardening, allowing you to select the perfect location for the types of plants you want to grow: roses drenched in sun, ferns in the shade, or a mixed border that takes advantage of both.
Most people like to have the gardens somewhat close to their house so they can see it through their windows. Before deciding where to place your garden, you need to consider what type of garden you want to have. Here are some questions you should consider when deciding what type of garden to plant:.
Pick Your Plot
Once you determine the basics of what you want to achieve, it is important to understand that each plant has specific requirements in which it will survive. There are conditions in which the plant may survive but you will not get the yield or growth from it the same as you would under ideal conditions.
In order to work well, a garden must balance what is already there with what is going to be planted. The following should be taken into consideration in order to properly analyze the site:. The ideal soil will be loose, somewhat well-drained, and loamy, meaning a mixture of sand, clay, and organic matter.
Companion Planting Top 10 Plants
However, if all the other factors work except for the soil, it is possible to improve the soil so it should not be the deciding factor in where to position the garden. City residents are often limited in their choices, but if there is an option available, avoid planting the garden over rocks or in a poorly draining area.
It is also best to avoid areas that are heavily infested with Johnson grass or weeds because these will require a lot more work to eradicate for the first year or two. Also consider the rainfall and how it manages to reach the garden area. If your bed is planted directly against a house, an overhang or gutter system may prevent your garden from receiving water. If it is on a slope, water may drain off too quickly to provide moisture for the plants. And regardless of whether rain is available, watering is normally necessary at least once every week if not more, so plan for easy access to water.
All vegetables bearing fruit or seeds must have full-sun. Also avoid trees that have a shallow root system, like the weeping willow tree, because they will compete with your garden for water and nutrients.
Companion Planting Top 10 Plants - the Imperfectly Happy home
Every garden should have plants of various shapes and sizes to make it interesting. In fact, planting is often opposite of what you would expect; for example, a tiny garden filled with dwarf plants will only emphasize how small garden is. Instead, use a very tall plant like the juniper or a bamboo to draw the eye upward and make the garden appear taller.
Likewise, many to inch plants in a row will seem flat and boring. Consider adding emphasis by using grasses, plumed poppy, small shrubs, and climbers. Start by drawing a map of your garden. Include your home and any other structures or large trees that exist on your property and that you intend to keep.
Companion Planting for Apricots
Make sure you emphasize the natural characteristics of your land like slopes or hollows. If there are terraces, decks, patios, or water features close by, also mark them in their position. Next you will draw in all the other hardscape factors, which are features in the garden that are not growing; for example, paths, driveways, parking areas, and any other structures in the garden.
If you are planning to incorporate a new path into the garden it should be at least 3 feet wide and have a hard surface , draw that, too. Compost bins and other utility areas should be near the major garden area or near the garage. If you do not like the looks of these utilities, you can screen them off by using a fence or a hedge.
Consider the best location for each plant in relation to the house and exposure to the elements. Full-sun gardens with the right plants for the space are the easiest to grow. This type of garden requires plants that can tolerate the hottest summer days and the dry conditions in your area. If you are choosing perennials, after becoming established they will need little care other than deadheading , which is the process of plucking off the dead blooms.
Spring bulbs can tolerate full-sun conditions, as can many perennials and annuals. By planting some of each, you will have blooms all season long. The following are just a few ideas for easy full-sun growth. When visiting the nursery, you can find hundreds more. Nearly all vegetables like full sun, but the following can be grown for beauty as well as for production:. The full-sun garden lends itself well to a variety of fruit trees, vines, and shrubs. Consider mixing up the selection to ensure color and interest all year round.
- Complete Guide to Companion Planting : Dale Mayer : .
- Related Articles;
- 178 Farrall Road, Midvale.
- Modern C++ Programming with Test-Driven Development: Code Better, Sleep Better.
- Companion Planting Guide!
- Coatings of High - Temperature Materials;
The shade garden is much more restful in appearance than the full-sun garden. Full-sun gardens have a strong, bright look to them where as a shade garden offers a cooler, more subdued appearance. Shade gardens can be harder to work with than full-sun gardens if the shade is produced by a deciduous tree, a tree that loses its leaves comes winter, that is competing with the plants for nourishment or there is improper soil preparation.
Before planting, be sure that the ground has been properly dug over and compost has been added in. Occasionally, plants that did well a few years ago begin to dwindle and fade as a tree in the garden grows taller and thicker. If this happens, prune back the tree branches high above the garden to let in more light.
Filtered sunlight or dappled light that comes through the leaves of the trees is beneficial and still considered light shade. Full-shade is when no direct sunlight reaches the ground at any time of the day. However, this does not mean locations such as under decks or other structures as some natural light must reach these areas.
When designing the shade garden, mix fine-textured plants like ferns with stronger, glossy-leaved plants. Plants with darker-colored leaves can give the feeling of a more spacious garden, and should be used often. Some cool season vegetables, like lettuce, spinach, and radishes, can grow in light shade. Others like peas, potatoes, turnips, and cabbage will grow in light shade, but will not yield as large a crop as they would in full sun.
When looking to grow vegetables, people are often surprised to hear that many varieties are happy in the shade or in partial-shade. If you plant tall plants with mid-sized or short plants, the tall plants receive the full sun and the others receive either partial shade or full shade, making them happy. Here are samples of combinations to consider planting together to maximize limited space and to maximize the growing preference of various plants.